A person’s human side falls to the lowest point when he is treated so inhumanly just because he has an illness. The ignorance of the community, coupled with the stigma and the assumption that severe mental disorders are a disgrace, cannot be restored, and endanger other members of the community, causing sufferers to be ostracized by the community which ends up in the supply.
More than 57,000 people in Indonesia with mental health conditions have been put in place — shackled or locked up in confined spaces — at least once in their lives. And based on the latest government data available, around 18,800 people are still in pasung. Although the government has banned pasung since 1977, in practice, families, paranormal, and institutional officers continue to confine people with mental disorders, sometimes for years.
The rights of people with psychiatric problems and people with mental disorders are often overlooked, both socially and legally. Socially there is still stigma in the community so that families hide the existence of family members suffering from mental disorders. This causes limited access of persons with mental disabilities to health services. Whereas legally, the existing laws and regulations are not comprehensive so that they hamper the fulfillment of the rights of persons with mental disorders.
The Indonesian government is trying to overcome this problem. In 2010 launched “Indonesia Free Pasung” a program aimed at removing this practice in 2014. The focus is on increasing mental health and pasung practices, integrating mental health into public health services, providing mental health treatment at the puskesmas level, training health workers to identify and diagnose basic mental health conditions, and forming an integrated team called the Community Mental Health Driving Team. In addition, the Ministry of Social Affairs has 12 “quick reaction” teams in 20 homes throughout Indonesia whose activities are to go down to the community including rescuing people from pasung practice.
However, HRW reported that due to limited resources, coordination and training, the driving team and the “fast reaction” team were rather difficult to carry out this task. Even the people who were released, were put in again when returning to the community due to lack of follow-up and access to Puskesmas support and mental health services, as well as continuing to get stigma from the community.
He birth of Law 18/2014 on Mental Health, is expected to be able to bring changes to the mental health service system for the community in an integrated, comprehensive and sustainable manner through promotive, preventive, curative, and rehabilitative efforts. Promotive efforts for mental health are intended to eliminate stigma, discrimination, violation of the human rights of people with mental disorders called ODGJ as part of the community. Preparation efforts to prevent the occurrence of psychiatric problems and mental disorders. Curative efforts are aimed at healing / restoring and controlling disability, while rehabilitating is aimed at preparing and giving ODGJ the ability to be independent in the community.
The Istana KSJ Foundation as an element of the community that has concern for the fate of people with mental disorders seeks active participation, synergizes with the government, to deal with these problems. Since its establishment in the Istana KSJ in 2009, it has been actively working in a liberation program from the market with medical treatment. Istana KSJ Foundation activists have conducted early detection of the existence of victims of inclusion in the West Jawa region of Indonesia, and released 343 of them until 2019 today.
The activists of Istana KSJ Foundation have been trained to do persuasion, namely the approach to the families of the victims of the attachment, to allow the giving of medication to them. And also these activists are accustomed to convincing their families to let the victims of the release be released after their conditions improve, so that they no longer become humans who suffer from the severe stigma that makes them fall into a puddle of suffering.
The Istana KSJ Foundation has a market liberation activist who always with high empathy and dedication works for the realization of the dignity and dignity of victims of equal and equal solidarity with other humans. Istana KSJ has a commitment to free people with mental disorders from step by step and have goals
- Awaken the public that people with psychiatric problems can be restored with medication as well as other biological disorders.
- Making equality of dignity and human dignity by freeing victims of installation.
- Convincing family and society that people with severe mental disorders can return to society after being released from the market as well as other humans.
- Handling victims of medical and social involvement.